How the entrepreneur gender gap started to disappear

New research from Georgia State University reveals that increasing numbers of female entrepreneurs are finding success, as they turn their back on more traditional forms of employment…

The shift has been underlined by the stunning figure of a 75 per cent growth in the numbers of self-employed women in the US between 1975 and 1995, while in the past decade the only noticeable growth in self-employment has come from single women – with both men and married women stalling.

Interestingly, however, there are still double the amount of married female entrepreneurs as there are single. This statistic can be put down to a number of different factors, believe those behind the report.

"To understand what might be going on with these trends, we needed to better understand why women decide to become self-employed. The reality is that married and unmarried women appear to be motivated by different factors," explained the report’s author and economist Carlianne Patrick, of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies.

"In particular, regions with more progressive gender attitudes tend to pull – or attract – married women into self-employment, while responsibilities associated with young children ‘push’ married women into this career choice. Unmarried women appear to be pulled into entrepreneurship by the local business climate and their individual abilities.

"We expect entrepreneurs are more likely to be those who are pulled, rather than pushed, into self-employment. So these differences in motivation are arguably our most promising findings in terms of entrepreneurship in the U.S."


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